雅思口语中连接词的正确示范!

在雅思口语考试中,你常需要说一些简单的连接词和自然短语来帮助考官理解你的想法和故事。这些连接词和标记总的来说可以是简单和非正式的。以下是可以在考试中帮助你完善口语的连接词总结。

Adding more information 补充信息

And

Also

As well as

Another reason is

Time phrases 时间短语(区分时态)

Now

At the moment

At the present

Right now

These days

Nowadays

In the past

Before

Then

At that time

Years ago

When I was younger

Expressing ideas 表达观点

I think one important thing is

I guess one difference is

I suppose the main difference between X and Y is

Causes and solutions找原因、提建议

I guess it’s because

The main reason is

It was caused by

Because

I suppose the best way to deal with this problem is

I reckon the only answer is to

The best way to solve this is

Giving examples 举个例子

For example

For instance

Such as

Like

Being clear 更清楚地解释你的观点

What I mean is

What I want to say is

As I was saying

Contrasting and concessions对比和让步

But

On the other hand

While

Although

Or

Examples of linking words in speaking 口语中连接词使用正确示范

Q. Do you eat much fruit?

A. Yes, I do. I love tropical fruit like mangoes and pineapples.

(We would not use “for example” in this type of sentence which relates to our everyday life.)

(我们通常不会在与我们日常生活相关的句子里用“for example”)

Q. Do you think fast food is bad?

A. yes, I do. If it is eaten too often, it can cause problems such as heart disease or diabetes. Also, it can lead to weight problems which are really common nowadays.

(You could use “such as” or “for example” in this sentence because the content is more serious. Please note that we don’t use “furthermore” or “in addition” for speaking, instead we use “also” or “and”.)

(我们可以在这个句子中使用“such as”或“for example”,因为其更为正式。并且,我们在口语中不使用“furthermore”或者“in addition”,而使用“also”或“and”。)

Q. Do children play similar games today that they played in the past?

A. No, I don’t think they do. Before, children used to play simple games like hide and seek or they used to play with simple handmade toys. But, these days, kids tend to prefer computer games and their toys are battery operated.

(This answer contained time phrases for the past and present “before” and “these days”. It also had an example “like”. “Like” is the main example linking word for speaking and can be repeated again and again. This answer also uses a contrasting linking word “but”. “But” is the main contrasting linking word in speaking and can be repeated many times.)

(答案包含了形容过去和现在的时间短语。还有“like”,like是口语中举例子的连接词,可以重复多次。这个答案也使用了一个对比连接词“but”,在口语中,“but”也是主要的对比连接词,也可以重复很多次。)

Mistakes with linking words in speaking口语中连接词使用错误示范

Q. Do you like going out with friends?

A. Yes, I do. Firstly, it gives me a chance to relax. Secondly, I can catch up on their news. Last but not least, it allows me the opportunity to visit new places.

(The method of linking is too formal. It’s inappropriate and is not a good for a high score.)

(这样的连接词使用过于正式,不利于得高分)

See below what the answer should be:

A. Yes, I do. It’s great being able to chill out and catch up with their news. Also we often go out to new places which I really enjoy.

(This answer was more natural and would be marked higher in IELTS speaking. The linking words are used appropriately)

(这样的连接词使用则比较自然,使用也更为妥当,有利于在口语中得高分)

Tips for linking devices in IELTS speaking雅思口语连接技巧

Don’t use formal linking words for simple questions about yourself and your life.

不要在简单的关于你自己和你生活的问题上使用正式的连词。

Don’t worry about repeating linking words. This is different to IELTS writing.

不用担心重复使用不同的连接词,这是雅思口语和雅思写作的区别之一。

The most common linking words for speaking are: and, but, because, also, like(for giving examples)

最常见的雅思口语连接词有:and, but, because, also, like等。

“Like” is only used as a linking word to give examples in speaking NOT in writing.

“Like”作为举例子的连接词使用时,只能用在口语当中,而不能用于写作里。

Need attention需要注意

You do not get a higher score because used a range of linking devices.

你不会因为使用了一系列连单词或词组而得到更高的分数。

Linking words in speaking are just to help the listener understand better.

在口语中使用连接词只是为了帮助听众更好地理解。

Linking words are used naturally not formally in IELTS speaking.

在雅思口语中,连接词通常不被正式使用。

Linking words are part of the criterion of “fluency and coherence” which is 25% of your marks.

连接词是雅思口语评分标准中“流利和连贯”的一部分,占分值25%。